Polycystic Ovaries

Period problems in teenage girls are common and could have many causes. In some of these young women, some other features such as increased hairiness in some parts of the body {#hirsutism is the medical term}, blackening and coarsening of skin in the back of neck, armpits and groins (medical term #acanthosisnigricans), acne, and increased weight gain is seen. In adult women, these are typical of a condition called ‘PCOS or polycystic ovarian syndrome’. Many a times there could also be scanty periods, overweight, hairloss on the scalp (medical term - #alopecia). In young girls, due to the medical special features of this teenage period, one has to be very careful both about diagnosing this, or then ruling out the diagnosis. Therefore, the assessment of young girls with above symptoms is best done by someone trained in conditions of the adolescent years. In the age-group below 18, the best person to consult would be a Paediatric Endocrinologist. Not all these children need complex blood tests, scans and medications. However, early intervention is needed to get better outcomes.

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